The Carrack is a medium-sized ship available to Europeans and Americans. She has two cannons on each side and a very high rate of fire, which makes her more powerful than the Caravel and more flexible than the Frigate. The Carrack was developed in Genoa and was widely spread in the 15th century. Spain and Portugal used Carracks for exploration and ocean travel.
Columbus's flagship on his first voyage, the Santa María, was a Carrack. She ran aground on a sandbank off the north-western coast of the island of Hispaniola, near the present-day town Cap-Haïtien, and had to be abandoned.
From the middle of the 16th century onward, the Carrack evolved into the Galleon and was replaced by it.